No.31 May 2024

The main effect produced by smoking

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Essay

Mikhail Yu. Stepanov celebrates his 55th birthday on April 17, 2024

M. Yu. Stepanov is an outstanding expert in the field of physical culture and sports, Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor with more than 20 years of experience, who works at the Chair of Theory and Methods of Martial Arts at the Tchaikovsky State Academy of Physical Culture and Sports.

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Original research

Endocrine disorders and their impact on reproductive health: modern aspects of diagnosis and treatment

This work is a comprehensive review of modern aspects of the diagnosis and treatment of endocrine disorders and their impact on reproductive health. The basic principles of the functioning of the human endocrine system are highlighted, including the role of hormonal balance in maintaining the health and functioning of the reproductive system.
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Personalized medicine and artificial intelligence in neurology: an individual approach to diagnosis and treatment

The article considers an individual approach to the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases within the framework of personalized medicine and the use of artificial intelligence capabilities.
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Original research

Testing the immune markers MIP, IL-23 and find a relationship between them in the serum of male patients with toxoplasmosis

The aim of the current study is to find the levels of MIP and IL-23 in the serum of a group of male patients infected with Toxoplasma gondii who were diagnosed with the disease by rapid IGg screening and to find the levels of IGg protein in the blood serum of a group of male patients infected with the disease.
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Original research

'Hair color repigmentation in the recipient area': a newly recognized phenomenon after hair transplantation

The aim of this study was to detect the frequency of hair color repigmentation phenomena in the recipient area after hair transplantation. Patients and Methods: In this retrospective observational study, we detect thirty-four patients that develop hair color restoration phenomena in the recipient area after undergoing hair transplantation throughout a 1-year follow-up period.
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Role of speckle tracking echocardiography in assessing right ventricle function after percutaneous closure of atrial septal defect

Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the most common congenital heart diseases. Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction is closely related to patient outcome in open and closed ASD closure.
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Original research

Application of robotic systems in neurosurgery: problems and prospects

The article discusses the features of the use of robotic systems in neurosurgery, as well as emerging problems and prospects in this area. The authors present an overview of the use of robotic systems in the field of neurosurgery, highlighting both current challenges and future prospects of this technology.
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Modern strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of acute pancreatitis: prospects for an interdisciplinary approach

The article discusses modern strategies for the diagnosis and treatment of acute pancreatitis with an emphasis on the prospects of an interdisciplinary approach.
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Evaluation of proprotein convertase subtilsin/kexin 9 (pcsk9) in serum of men hypertensive patients

High blood pressure is considered a major factor for the development of heart disease and vascular disease in elderly people, due to higher tension in arteries leading to hypertension.
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Original research

Cardiometric study of the cardiovascular system performance under the influence of prolonged smoking and some other stresses

Using an example of one patient, who smoked, who was found in some other stressful situations for 50 years and later suffered an acute myocardial infarction, the dynamics of the state of the cardiovascular system in cardiometric studies is shown herein.
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Original research

Innovations in laparoscopy: current trends and prospects for the development of surgical techniques

The article examines current trends and prospects for the development of surgical techniques in laparoscopy with an emphasis on innovation. The latest technologies and methods used in laparoscopic surgery, such as robotic surgery, improved video systems, three-dimensional visualization and telemedicine solutions, are highlighted.
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An innovative solution to the problem of hypertension

The results of the study of hemodynamic parameters in individuals of different age groups, the patterns of their age dynamics and the peculiarities of their influence on the formation of arterial hypo- and hypertension are presented.
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The use of anti-transglutaminase and anti-gliadin antibodies to compare the effect of gluten active and gluten-free diet patients suffering from celiac disease in child and adult

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. The current study aimed to compare the levels of these antibodies in celiac disease patients on active gluten-containing diets and those on gluten-free diets to demonstrate the ability to get rid of Celiac Disease by Gluten-Free Diet.
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Original research

Study pattern of antibiotic resistance on staphylococcus aureus isolated from hospitals in AL-najaf city

Due to the improper use of antimicrobial drugs, rates of morbidity and mortality from antimicrobial resistance have been rising globally. Consequently, increasing our knowledge of and data on antimicrobial resistance in clinical settings makes it feasible to treat patients with more selective antimicrobial medications and lower the likelihood of resistance.
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Optimization of pain management processes in pediatrics: the role of the anesthesiologist and pediatrician in providing effective therapy

The article is an in-depth analysis of modern approaches to pain management in pediatrics, focused on the role of the anesthesiologist and pediatrician in providing optimal therapy.
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Modern methods of diagnosis of gynecological diseases

The article discusses modern methods of diagnosis of gynecological diseases. In recent years, there has been significant progress in the application of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine, including gynecology.
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The effect made by the vaginal microbiome on pregnancy outcome

This article considers the effect made by the vaginal microbiome on the outcome of pregnancy. The vaginal microbiome is important for the health of a woman's reproductive system and can affect some critical aspects of pregnancy such as the development of preeclampsia and the likelihood of premature birth.
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Original research

Evaluation of functional significance of intermediate coronary artery lesions noninvasively by tissue doppler echocardiography and single photon emission computed tomography versus invasively by IFR

Myocardial perfusion imaging by single photon emission computed tomography (MPI–SPECT) is noninvasive test that can give an important information for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), detect reversible ischemia, quantify defect sizes and help in clinical decisions of interventions as well as assessment of disease prognosis.
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Original research

How a cardiometer and a polygraph help improve the quality of self-awareness by increasing personal self-efficacy

The article shows how exactly it is possible, using a selection of specially prepared visual stimuli, to launch such a mental dialogue by the respondent with his/her internal subpersonalities, denoting complex ideas about his/her desirable and undesirable qualities, which allows him/her to obtain authentic information about his/her Self-concept instrumentally.
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Original research

Modern high-tech approaches to the diagnosis of gastrointestinal diseases

The article discusses modern high-tech approaches to the diagnosis of gastrointestinal diseases. Revealing the relevance of the problem and the importance of accurate and timely diagnosis for the successful treatment of patients, the authors draw attention to the latest methods and technologies used in this field of medicine.
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Original research

Assocation of genotype and allelotype frequance of interleukine 13 with most viralance gene of Staphlococcus aureus

The current study was done to isolation and indentification of the Staphlococcus aureus isolates associated with polycystic ovarian syndrome patients and determine the molecular status for these patients and bacteria.
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The negative effects of lead paint on different physiological systems

Lead (Pb) in paints is a serious public health hazard that has piqued the international community's interest. Lead concentrations in lead-based paints have been assessed in several research conducted across the world.
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The role of Monocyte Chemotactic Protein-3 (MCP3) in pyelonephritis patients in Al- Najaf Governorate, Iraq

Pyelonephritis is a serious disease that is widespread in Iraq and is mostly caused by Gram-negative bacteria, which are highly contagious and can spread from an infected person to others.
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Original research

Features of ophthalmological pathologies that occur against the background of neuropsychiatric disorders

The present study is devoted to a comprehensive analysis of the relationship between neuropsychiatric disorders and ophthalmological pathologies. The paper provides an overview of the latest scientific data on this problem, with an emphasis on the pathophysiological mechanisms linking both groups of diseases.
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The role of anesthesiology in modern cardiac surgery: overview of key techniques and issues

Anesthesiology plays a key role in modern cardiac surgery, ensuring the safe conduct of surgical interventions on the heart and blood vessels. The paper provides an overview of the main techniques and problems in the field of anesthesiology in cardiac surgery.
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Original research

Methods and tools for three-dimensional cardiac modeling

This article explores the use of methods and tools for three-dimensional modeling of the heart with computer-aided design systems. The use of three-dimensional modeling in medicine is a very pressing scientific and engineering problem.
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Original research

Evaluation of functional significance of intermediate coronary artery lesions noninvasively by tissue doppler echocardiography and single photon emission computed tomography versus invasively by IFR

Myocardial perfusion imaging by single photon emission computed tomography (MPI–SPECT) is noninvasive test that can give an important information for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), detect reversible ischemia, quantify defect sizes and help in clinical decisions of interventions as well as assessment of disease prognosis.
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