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Original research

Development of the basilar artery system in the human embryonic period


The doctrine of the origin and development of cerebral arteries in the embryonic period of man in the XIX – XXI centuries was formed by I. Tandler (1899, 1902), H. Evans (1911), G. L. Streeter (1908, 1918), G. D. Aronovich (1939), D. N. Padget (1947 – 1972), N. V. Popova-Latkina (1954 – 1975), Y. N. Shapovalov (1963), A. G. Knorre (1967), I. Stanek (1977), B. Carlson (1983), A.V. Gorbunov (1998 – 2022), etc. To date, we have shown that basilar arteries are detected in embryos at 7 weeks of intrauterine development, posterior cerebral arteries with plexiform branching – at 8 weeks of intrauterine life, and persistent trigeminal arteries continue to be detected in prenatal embryos at 8-9 weeks of human prenatal ontogenesis. In prenatal embryos 7-8-9 weeks of prenatal ontogenesis, the basilar artery system provides the needs of the human intrauterine brain.


Alexey V. Gorbunov, Maria G. Kalugina. Development of the basilar artery system in the human embryonic period. Cardiometry; Issue 27; May 2023; p.142-149; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2023.27.142149; Available from:


Basilar artery,   Embryo,   Pre-fetus
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