Analysis of the infectious morbidity in the children's population in the city of Krasnodar
* Corresponding author
Aim. Our aim hereof is to assess the status of infectious morbidity in the pediatric population in the territory of the Russian Federation and the City of Krasnodar in the period 2021-2022 by an example of the State Health Institution “Pediatrics Polyclinic No 2”, Department of Health Care of the City of Krasnodar. Material and Methods. Our work has been completed with use of official statistical data of the Federal Service of the state statistics of the Russian Federation, the database of Rospotrebnadzor of the Krasnodar territory, statistical data set collections of FGBI “The Central Research Institute of the Management and Information of Public Health Care” at the Ministry of Health Care of the Russian Federation. A retrospective analysis was performed using data from the State Report “The state of sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population in the Russian Federation in 2021”. Statistical processing was carried out using GraphPad Prism 5.0 and Word Excel. Results. According to the data on the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population, an increase in the number of cases of infectious and parasitic diseases was recorded in the Russian Federation in 2021. The sharp rise in the incidence of infectious diseases is directly related to the spread of the new COVID-19 infection. The incidence of ARVI among children in 2021 was 68,062.49 per 100,000 that is 15.4% higher than in 2020. In Krasnodar, there were 236,332 patients diagnosed with infectious diseases in 2021. According to the data submitted by Branch No. 2 of the Krasnodar City Pediatrics Hospital at the City Health Care Department, the overall morbidity of children in the first year of life in 2022 has decreased. No cases of diphtheria, pertussis, poliomyelitis, measles, and viral hepatitis B were recorded by the outpatient clinical institution during the study period. As a part of preventive measures, children are routinely vaccinated by the Pediatrics Hospital No. 2; at the end of 2022, 98.3% of children in risk groups had been successfully treated and were allowed to be vaccinated. Conclusion. Over the period 2021-2022, there has been a decline in the incidence of diseases in children in the first year of life in the Krasnodar Region. At the same time, the recorded overall occurrence rate of acute upper respiratory tract infections of multiple and unspecified localization remains high that is due to the difficulty of diagnosing them at the early stages of infection, and, as a result, the effectiveness of their treatment is low that may be accompanied by high mortality.
Justina O.A. Oguntimehin, Aizanat M. Jalalova, Kristina M. Krasnikova, Olga V. Alekseenko, Ulyana Y. Senkovich, Sabina R. Zeynalova. Analysis of the infectious morbidity in the children's population in the city of Krasnodar. Cardiometry; Issue 27; May 2023; p.96-100; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2023.27.96100; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no27-may-2023/analysis-infectious-orbidity-children's