Multi Interventional Strategies on physiological and biochemical parameters on Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome – A Pilot Report
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Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous, chronic endocrine disorder commonly diagnosed in women of reproductive age. It often manifests with some or all of the following symptoms: menstrual dysfunction, infertility, hirsutism, acne, and obesity. Polycystic ovarian syndrome has now become one of the major health problem among adolescent and adult women. Lifestyle modifications, including diet modifications, exercise, and behavioral modification, appear to alleviate the metabolic dysfunction and improve the reproductive disorders of girls with PCOS. Therefore, lifestyle modifications have been gradually acknowledged as the first-line management for PCOS.
Quantitative experimental and control group pre and post test design was used in this study.A total of 152 young girls from different colleges in Chennai were screened based on Rotterdam criteria and among that 30 study participants were selected who met the inclusion criteria. Structured self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit the baseline data. Participants were divided into three groups, 10 in each group – control group (only education regarding PCOS), experimental group I with all three interventions (cinnamon tea, exercise program and anxiety reduction counselling) given for 3 months, experimental group 2 with exercise program and anxiety reduction counselling given for 3 months. Post test I is conducted after 45 days and post test II is conducted after 3 months. Non probability Purposive sampling technique was used. Prior permissions were obtained from all the college principals and dean. Informed consent was obtained from all the participants.
This study shows that there was significant decrease (P<0.001) in the Physiological parameters (BMI, Waist circumference) and biochemical parameters (Total testosterone level) of experimental 1 group with multi interventional strategies (cinnamon tea, exercise program and anxiety reduction counselling) when compared to experimental 2 group and control group. There was better reduction in the experimental 2 group (exercise program and anxiety reduction counselling) when compared to the control group. There is increase in BMI, Waist circumference and total testosterone level in the control group when compared to experimental 1 and 2 groups.
The present study highlighted the beneficial role of multi interventional strategies (cinnamon tea, exercise program and anxiety reduction counselling) in reducing the BMI, waist circumference and total testosterone level of young girls with Polycystic ovarian syndrome. Hence, the study recommends multi interventional strategies for young girls with Polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Niranjani S., G. Bhuvaneswari, M. Hemamalini, R. Viyayaraghavan. Multi Interventional Strategies on physiological and biochemical parameters on Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome – A Pilot Report. Cardiometry; Issue 23; August 2022; p.154-160; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.23.154160; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no23-august-2022/multi-interventional-strategies