Original research

The incidence rate of arterial hypertension and high normal blood pressure in students of Medical Faculty at the Kabardino-Balkarian State University

* Corresponding author

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Abstract

The aim is to assess the incidence rate of arterial hypertension (AH) and high normal arterial pressure (HNAP) in students of the Medical Faculty at the Kabardino-Balkarian State University as well as the relationship between arterial pressure (AP) and behavioral and biological risk factors (RF) of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) to substantiate the need for preventive measures.

Materials and methods

1087 students (267 males and 820 females) aged 18 years and older (average age 20.7 ± 4.6 years) have been examined with standard epidemiological methods.

Results

The incidence rate of AH among students was reported to be 5% (8.6% in males and 3.4% in females, p<0.001), HNAP was recorded to reach 4.2% (9.4% in males and 2.6% in females, p<0.001), respectively. The interrelations between AP and anthropometric indicators, gender, smoking and physical activity were identified.

Conclusions

The study revealed the incidence rate of hypertension and HNAP in the Medical Faculty students and the interrelation between AP and the behavioral and biological RF of CVD. Our results indicate the need to develop and implement programs for the prevention of AH among students that can be used to prepare the reqiured preventive measures.

Imprint

Inna F. Pshigotizheva, Danetta M. Gubzhokova, Aksana M. Kardangusheva, Liliya V. Elgarova, Antonina F. Budnik, Inna M. Dudarova, Asiyat N. Malukhova. The incidence rate of arterial hypertension and high normal blood pressure in students of Medical Faculty at the Kabardino-Balkarian State University. Cardiometry; Issue 18; May 2021; p.145-148; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2021.18.145148; Available from: http://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no18-may-2021/arterial-hypertension

Keywords

Arterial pressure,  Arterial hypertension,  High normal arterial pressure,  Students,  Young individuals
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