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Original research

The use of anti-transglutaminase and anti-gliadin antibodies to compare the effect of gluten active and gluten-free diet patients suffering from celiac disease in child and adult

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Abstract

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. The current study aimed to compare the levels of these antibodies in celiac disease patients on active gluten-containing diets and those on gluten-free diets to demonstrate the ability to get rid of Celiac Disease by Gluten-Free Diet. The study involved 100 participants, divided into 60 CD patients and 40 controls, where all participant match in age and gender. The patient group was further divided into two subgroups 40 active celiac and 20 GFD. Blood samples were obtained from all participants, and levels of anti-tTG and anti-gliadin antibodies were using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) technology. The results showed The F test indicated a significant difference in the levels of anti-tTG and anti-gliadin antibodies between the active group (G1) and the diet group (G2) in comparison to the control group (G3), with a p-value less than 0.001. Upon conducting a deeper analysis using the least significant difference (LSD) on on anti-tTG IgA and IgG indicate that there are no significant differences between the patient groups G1 and G2, as evidenced by p-values of 0.120 for IgA. However, a significant difference was observed between G1 and G2 for IgG, with a p-value of 0.018. When comparing G1 with G3, and G2 with G3, significant differences were observed, with p-values less than 0.001.In the case of anti-gliadin IgA and IgG, the LSD test revealed a highly significant difference between G1 and G2, as indicated by a p-value less than 0.001. However, no significant differences were found between G1 and G3, with p-values of 0.499 for IgA and 0.110 for IgG. A highly significant difference was none the less observed between G2 and G3, with a p-value less than 0.001.In conclusion, This study highlights the importance of dietary adherence in celiac disease management. Patients on gluten-free diets had significantly lower levels of anti-TG and anti-gliadin antibodies, indicating better control of the autoimmune response. Monitoring these antibody levels can be a valuable tool in assessing the effectiveness of dietary interventions in celiac disease patients.

Imprint

Dhiaa aldin.B.Aljamrawy, Dr. Karrar A. Ali Beg, Prof .Dr. Israa K. AL-Yasiri. The use of anti-transglutaminase and anti-gliadin antibodies to compare the effect of gluten active and gluten-free diet patients suffering from celiac disease in child and adult. Cardiometry; Issue 31; May 2024; p.75-80; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2024.31.7580; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no31-may-2024/use-anti-transglutaminase-anti-gliadin-antibodies

Keywords

Celiac disease,  Anti-tissue transglutaminas,  Anti gliadin,  Gluten-Free Diet
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