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Original research

Study of prevalence of acute respiratory tract infection and its risk factors among under five children of slums of Ghaziabad city

Abstract

Background: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) contribute to major disease associated mortality and morbidity among children under 5 years of age. Methodology: This observational cross-sectional study was conducted among the under 5 children in slum population of Ghaziabad city through a house-to-house survey, using a pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire with a sample size of 667 study participants. Result: In this study 389(58.32%,) individuals were males and 278 (41.68%) females. Most of the study subject 187 (28.04%) belonged to the 0 to <1 year age group. Among the study participants. maximum ARI cases (47.06%) in children were found in the age group 0 to < 1-year children. Majority 25.13% ARI cases were found among the children with 3-to-4-member family. Among all the children, 26.01% ARI cases were found among the children given exclusive breastfeeding, Conclusion: This study identifies the overall prevalence of Acute Respiratory Tract Infection among the under live children and determines the factor influence prevalence of ARI.

Imprint

Rahul Kumar, Ravi Kant Arya, Amit Jaiswal, Gajendra K. Gupta, Deepika Agrawal. Study of prevalence of acute respiratory tract infection and its risk factors among under five children of slums of Ghaziabad city. Cardiometry; Issue 25; December 2022; p.1264-1271; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.25.12641271; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no25-december-2022/study-prevalence-acute-respiratory

Keywords

Children,  Acute respiratory tract illness (ARI),  Risk factors,  Infections
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