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Original research

Profile of dyslipidemia among attendees of preventive OPD in a tertiary care hospital in district Ghaziabad - A Cross sectional study

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in our society with Dyslipidemia contributing significantly to atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To find proportion and distribution of Dyslipidemia among the apparently healthy young adult visiting the preventive OPD of a tertiary care Hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted for a period of 2 months --from 1st May 2022 to 30th June 2022. Based on inclusion and exclusion criteria 400 subjects (250 males and 150 females) with > or =40 age group were selected from a total no. of patients who had attended preventive OPD run by department of community medicine at Santosh medical college and hospital Ghaziabad. RESULTS: The total proportion of Dyslipidemia was found to be 23.75% among total study participants. The proportion of Dyslipidemia was observed to be higher in males than in females. Among participants who had a total Cholesterol (TC) concentration > or = 200 mg/dl, 44.8% were males and 24.8% were females. High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was abnormally low in 65.2% males and 34.7% in females. Isolated Low-density lipoprotein-C was abnormally high (>100 mg/dl) in 28% of males and 24.7% of females. Deranged levels of Total Cholesterol, Triglycerides and LDL levels found 24.8% in males and 22.6% in females. CONCLUSION: There is significant proportion of Dyslipidemia in healthy adults which indicates that there is a need for awareness programs for the prevention and control of Dyslipidemia.

Imprint

Amit Jaiswal, Deepika Agrawal. Profile of dyslipidemia among attendees of preventive OPD in a tertiary care hospital in district Ghaziabad - A Cross sectional study. Cardiometry; Issue 25; December 2022; p.1247-1251; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.25.12471251; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no25-december-2022/profile-dyslipidemia-among-attendees

Keywords

Cardiovascular disease,  Atherosclerosis,  Dyslipidemia,  Distribution and proportion
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