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Original research

Prevalence of obesity and overweight among adolescents in district Ghaziabad

Abstract

Background: Obesity and overweight has become a public health concern. Excess weight in the body is linked to various conditions like Hypertension, diabetes, osteoporosis, and stroke which contributes to morbidity and mortality. Prevalence of obesity and overweight have been increasing in childhood and adolescent period because of more sedentary lifestyle and changes in dietary patterns. Methodology- This cross-sectional study was conducted among the children of age 10-19 years in urban population of district Ghaziabad through a house-to-house survey, using a pre-designed, semi-structured questionnaire with a sample size of 1128 study participants. Results- Among the study participants, 508 students were males and 620 were females. Among males, 194 students were found to be overweight or obese and among females, 210 students were found to be overweight or obese. Children from private schools had the highest prevalence of overweight and obesity, 26.0 % while children from rural government school had the lowest prevalence of overweight and obesity, 0.7%. Consumption of fast food was highest in urban government school students (45.4%) and lowest in rural private school students (24.8 %). Students from rural government schools did maximum vigorous physical activity (87.9%). Conclusion- Obesity was significantly associated with area of residence, type of school and gender.

Imprint

Sushmita Thakur, Gajendra K. Gupta, Priyanka Verma, Deepika Agrawal, Anupama Singh, Ravi Kant Arya. Prevalence of obesity and overweight among adolescents in district Ghaziabad. Cardiometry; Issue 25; December 2022; p.1205-1211; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.25.12051211; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no25-december-2022/prevalence-obesity-overweight

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