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Development and validation of educational pamphlet to prevent sleepapnea

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Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by recurrent complete (apneas) and partial (hypopneas) upper airway obstructive.The Obstructive Sleep Apnea is one of the leading risk factor for coronary heart diseases and heart failure. Aim: The aim of the study was to develop and validate the educational pamphlet on Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Design: A mixed method research design with quantitative research approach was adopted in this study. Methods: Educational pamphlet was developed on prevention and control of Obstructive sleep apnea.The pamphlet was developed in three phases which includes review of content, design / layout of the pamphlet and validation with expert opinion. The pamphlet was validated using Item level content validity index (I-CVI) and Scale level Content Validity Index (S-CVI). individual items which ranged from 0.94 – 1. Scale level Content Validity Index (S-CVI) was 0.9120.


Poongodi Ramalingam, S. Revathi, P. Vijayasamundeeswari. Development and validation of educational pamphlet to prevent sleepapnea. Cardiometry; Issue 25; December 2022; p.271-275; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.25.271275; Available from:

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