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Biodiversity and problems of auditing wildlife in general and snakes in particular

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Background: Biodiversity is one of the proud domains of any country in the world. Wildlife as a whole is one of the greatest contributors to the environment worldwide in the human race. It is known as one of the vital assets of all countries of the world. Protecting wildlife is also synonymously used as protecting the future of the earth and humanity by researchers worldwide. It becomes essential in the changing environment to give more attention to the conservation of wildlife. There seem many inherent problems in protecting wildlife, and it is very difficult to deal with these problems. One of the needs is to address the problems of audit and audit ability of wildlife in general and snakes, particularly in India. We need data and facts for auditing. Can this be done with 'counting snakes? (Interesting / chilling /challenging?) The management and governance problems even with the controlled environment like reserved forests from audit perspective for the bodies like forest department of the country and government agencies like “Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)/Botanical Survey of India (BSI),"etc. How difficult is it to count animals? Especially snakes? Almost impossible. Needs innovative approaches to solving these problems.


Aniruddha Joshi, Madhura Ranade. BIODIVERSITY AND PROBLEMS OF AUDITING WILDLIFE IN GENERAL AND SNAKES IN PARTICULAR. Cardiometry; Issue 25; December 2022; p.584-593; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.25.584593; Available from:


Biodiversity,  Audit,  Audit ability,  Animal ethics,  Reptiles,  Snakes,  Wildlife,  Forest department,  Poachers,  Threats
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