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Original research

Modifying effect of obesity on the content of sex hormones and their receptors in endometrial adenocarcinoma and its surrounding tissue

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Abstract

Aims. To study the effect of comorbid pathology: obesity of degree 2-3 on the level of sex steroid hormones and their receptors in the tumor and its surrounding tissue in patients with endometrial cancer (EC).

Materials and Methods

In 30 patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma T1-3N0-1M0 (the main group, 15 females with obesity grade 2-3 (BMI≥35); the reference group 15 females with normal BMI) in samples of the tumor and its perifocal zone taken after surgical treatment, the levels of estradiol (E2), estrone (E1), testosterone (T), progesterone (P4), androgen receptors (AR), progesterone receptors (RP4), estrogen receptors (ERα and ERβ) were determined by ELISA method. Statistical analysis was performed with STATISTICA 10.0.

Results

Obese EC patients showed longer healing of postoperative wounds, slow recovery, and more frequent tumor metastasizing to regional lymph nodes. In the tumor samples in all patients, compared with the intact endometrium, the levels of estrogens, testosterone and their receptors were higher. Obesity accompanying the malignant process led to a local increase in the levels of estrogens, testosterone, progesterone and AR, ERα and ERβ in the tumor. In the tumor samples, there were no significant differences from the presence of obesity in the levels of RP4. In the perifocal zone of the tumor in patients with comorbid pathology, compared with the parameters in the reference group, the level of E2, P4 and T was also higher, but the content of all steroid receptors was lower.

Conclusion

Obesity aggravates hyperestrogenism and progesterone deficiency in adenocarcinoma and increases its enrichment with the androgen and estrogen receptors with the prevalence of ERα over ERβ that may cause the autocrine-paracrine regulation of the growth and metastasizing of the malignant process in patients with endometrial cancer.

Imprint

Oleg I. Kit, Elena M. Frantsiyants, Valerija A. Bandovkina, Tatiana I. Moiseenko, Natalia V. Chernikova, Meri L. Adamyan, Yuriy A. Poryvaev, Natalia D. Cheryarina, Sergey V. Tumanian, Svetlana V. Kornienko. Modifying effect of obesity on the content of sex hormones and their receptors in endometrial adenocarcinoma and its surrounding tissue. Cardiometry; Issue 21; February 2022; p.34-40; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.21.3440; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no21-february-2022/Modifying-effect-obesity

Keywords

Endometrial cancer,  Obesity,  Estrogens,  Progesterone,  Testosterone,  Steroid hormone receptors
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