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Original research

Features of life activity and the incidence rate of anxiety and depressive disorders among medical students studying remotely during the epidemic of a new coronavirus infection (Covid 19)

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Abstract

Aims. The aim is to study the features of life and the incidence rate of anxiety and depressive disorders among medical faculty students studying remotely during the epidemic of a new coronavirus infection (Covid 19) at the Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov.

Materials and Methods

We examined 335 students (34% males, 66% females) at the Faculty of Medicine in November- December 2020. The average age of the students examined was 20.3±2.3 years. The study included an anonymous mail survey to examine educational conditions, lifestyle, levels of anxiety and depression.

Results

43.8% of the students had insufficient sleep duration, 58.5% had low physical activity, in 24.8% of them we recorded high levels of situational anxiety and in 82.1% of them personal anxiety, in 7.1% of the students we recorded clinically expressed anxiety and 1.8% had clinically expressed depression. During the transition to remote learning, students increased the time use to prepare for classes (51.2%) and the duration of sleep (61.5%), while their physical activity decreased (76.5%). Statistically significant linear correlations were identified between the level of anxiety and depression and the duration of sleep, low physical activity, preparation time for classes, academic performance, and academic debt.

Conclusion

The results obtained by us can be used to optimize the educational process, as well as to preserve the mental health of students during the transition to distance learning.

Imprint

Аksana M. Kаrdаngushevа, Diana Z. Kaskulova, Maryam H. Kurdanova, Antonina F. Budnik, Olga V. Voronova, Zukhra A. Gelyakhova. Features of life activity and the incidence rate of anxiety and depressive disorders among medical students studying remotely during the epidemic of a new coronavirus infection (Covid 19). Cardiometry; Issue 21; February 2021; p.130-137; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.21.130137; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no21-february-2022/features-of-life-activity

Keywords

Students,  Distance learning,  Lifestyle,  New coronavirus infection Covid-19,  Situational anxiety,  Personal anxiety,  Depression
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