Mitochondrial therapy: a vision of the outlooks for treatment of main twenty-first-century diseases
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Mitochondria are dynamic organelles which constantly change their shape, size, and location within the cells. Mitochondrial dynamics is associated with mesenchymal metabolism or epithelial-mesenchymal transition to regulate the stem cell differentiation, proliferation, migration, and apoptosis. The transfer of mitochondria from one cell to another is necessary to improve and maintain homeostasis in an organism. Mitochondrial transplantation is a therapeutic approach that involves an introduction of healthy mitochondria into damaged organs. Recent evidence data have shown that the physiological properties of healthy mitochondria provide their ability to replace damaged mitochondria, with suggesting that replacing damaged mitochondria with healthy mitochondria may protect cells from further damage. Moreover, mitochondria can also be actively released into the extracellular space and potentially be transferred between the cells in the central nervous system. This increased interest in mitochondrial therapy calls for a deeper understanding of the mechanisms, which build the basis for mitochondrial transfer, uptake, and cellular defense. In this review, questions related to the involvement of mitochondria in the pathogenesis of cancer will be discussed. Particular attention will be paid to mitochondrial transplantation as a therapeutic approach to treat the mitochondrial dysfunction under some pathological conditions.
Oleg I. Kit, Elena M. Frantsiyants, Irina V. Neskubina, Alla I. Shikhlyarova, Irina V. Kaplieva. Mitochondrial therapy: a vision of the outlooks for treatment of main twenty-first-century diseases. Cardiometry; Issue 22; May 2022; p.18-27; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.22.1827; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no22-may-2022/mitochondrial-therapy-vision