An exploratory study to identify the risk factors of coronary artery disease among higher secondary school children in selected schools, Madurai, Tamil nadu
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The Cardiovascular Nursing is the specialty in nursing which renders care within various spheres of health care. Cardiovascular nursing expertise works mainly within four domains: health promotion, cardiac prevention and rehabilitation, acute/chronic care and palliative care. Coronary artery disease (CAD) is epidemic in India and one of the major causes of disease-burden and deaths. Mortality data from the Registrar General of India shows that cardiovascular diseases are a major cause of death in India now. A quantitative exploratory research approach was considered appropriate for this study. The design of the study was non experimental descriptive exploratory design. Sample size was 350. Stratified random sampling was used for the selection of sample. The result findings were consistent with our study, showing significant association between age and risk for CAD and no significant association between place of residence and risk of CAD. In conclusion, the discussion of the study findings obtained by the researcher shows that there was significant association between intensity of CAD score with family history of heart attack, family history of hypertension/diabetes and age. No significant association was found between intensity of CAD score with BMI and place of residence. On the basis of conducted research it can be concluded that screening of Coronary artery disease risk factors in school children has an importance in determination of early CAD risk factors. Given that many CAD risk factors track through adolescence and into adulthood, it is vital that CAD risk be assessed as children progress into early adulthood. Further, there is a need for effective interventions that target reduction of CAD risk factors beginning at an early age which can be achieved through successful prevention strategy based on early mass detection of CAD risk and education of teachers, parents and children.
Vasantha Kumari, Asokan R., Arul Valan P., Gopinath S.. An exploratory study to identify the risk factors of coronary artery disease among higher secondary school children in selected schools, Madurai, Tamil nadu. Cardiometry; Issue 22; May 2022; p.535-538; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.22.535538; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no22-may-2022/exploratory-study-identify