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The role of new medical technologies in the relief of chronic pelvic pain and the rehabilitation of reproductive function

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Abstract

The low efficacy of ongoing conventional therapy and a significant decrease in the quality of life in patients with reconstructive plastic surgery (RPO) on the pelvic organs (PO) due to tubal-peritoneal infertility (TPI) and chronic nonspecific salpingo-oophoritis (CNSO) requires searching for new, promising methods of non-drug treatment, in particular, taking into account the regional characteristics of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania and its natural resources. One of the main ways to increase the efficacy and intensify the treatment of this category of patients is the use of natural factors, namely, sulfide waters of the local Redant-4 deposit, which have a number of anti-inflammatory effects.

Purpose of the study is to assess the role of non-drug technologies using magnetic infrared-laser therapy and balneological factors of the local deposit in the rehabilitation of the reproductive function in patients undergoing reconstructive plastic surgery due to TPI and CNSO.

Materials and Methods

235 women with impaired reproductive function, who underwent laparoscopic reconstructive plastic surgery on the pelvic organs (RPO on PO) due to tubal-peritoneal infertility (TPI) and CNSO, whose average age was 28 + 7 years, were examined. 2 groups were formed by the method of blind sampling: the main group consisted of 139 women with RPO on the pelvic organs due to TPI and CNSO, who, along with conventional therapy, received magnetic IR-laser therapy and had hydrogen sulfide baths; the comparison group included 96 women with RPO on PO due to TPI and CNSO, whose treatment was carried out by conventional methods of drug therapy. The conventional treatment included along with antibiotic therapy the use of ecological adaptogens (aloe, apilac), immune modulators (polyoxidonium), vitamin therapy (vitamin E 100 mg / day for 3 months and B vitamins), drugs to eliminate disorders in the intestinal and vaginal flora (antifungal agents: fluconazole, tergynan, acylact for 7-14 days). The patients of the studied groups were observed before their treatment and 1-12 months after the treatment. All patients underwent a clinical and functional examination. Statistical processing of the material was carried out using the package Statistica for Windows.

Results

A control examination of patients of both groups showed a more pronounced positive effect on the course of a number of clinical symptoms in the postoperative period in the main group of patients who received magnetic IR laser therapy and had sulfide baths of the North Ossetian deposit in the complex of therapy. As a result of the physiotherapy treatment, the pain syndrome was eliminated in 107 of 139 patients (77%) who complained of pain before their treatment. A decrease in pelvic pain after the course of treatment was noted in 46 patients (33%). It should be noted that in the majority of patients 94 (68%), who received sulfide balneotherapy, a decrease in the formation of repeated adhesions of the pelvis was revealed during the procedures, the effectiveness of the regression of the adhesive process was found throughout the observation. It was detected that against the background of the proposed non-drug technology in the rehabilitation treatment of patients with RPO on PO due to TPI and CNSO, a significant increase in the effectiveness of treatment of this pathology (89%), improvement in the quality of life of patients as well as restoration of fertility has been achieved. Conclusions. The use of the method of sulfide balneotherapy in patients with RPO on PO due to TPI and CNSO allows shortening the duration of their next treatment and achieving the maintenance of positive dynamics and duration of regression of the adhesive process of the pelvis.

Imprint

Irwa V. Kabulova, Larisa V. Tsallagova. The role of new medical technologies in the relief of chronic pelvic pain and the rehabilitation of reproductive function. Cardiometry; Issue 23; August 2022; p.58-63; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.23.5863; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no23-august-2022/role-new-medical-technologies

Ключевые слова

Tubal-peritoneal infertility,  CNSO,  Hydrogen sulfide baths,  Magnetic IR- laser therapy
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