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Prevention and Interventional Strategies of Adolescent Obesity / Overweight – Narrative Review

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It’s a known factor that obesity and overweight among adolescentsare major emerging global health problems associated with morbidityand mortality throughout their life in developed and developing countries. There is evidence that reducing overweight and obesity by increasing awareness, self-efficacy, and contemplation to adopt a health-promoting lifestyle.The aim of this review how the theory and model used to reduce this burden through vicarious interventional activities among adolescence (10-19 years)in a school setting.


A literature search was performed in four databases to identify published studies between January 2009 and December 2019. Randomized control trial exploring the multiple interventional effects on obesity and overweight by utilization of with or without theoretical constructs and outcome on body mass index.


Originally references searched were 2112 abstracts and full-text articles. The total population was 34,846 adolescents. Most of the multiple interventionshad little positive effect onphysical activity, dietary intake, and sedentary behavior changes directly on BMI. Only three studies show changes in behavior through theory. Minimal studies reported the involvement and motivation of parents, friends, and teachers for themselves and adolescents.


The contemporary review to visualizemultiple interventions, and how models and theory focused on various pragmatic activities in the delivery and outcome in school settings among adolescents.


Gomathi Munusamy, Ramesh Shanmugam. Prevention and Interventional Strategies of Adolescent Obesity / Overweight – Narrative Review. Cardiometry; Issue 23; August 2022; p.133-147; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.23.133147; Available from:

Ключевые слова

Adolescent,  Body mass index,  Obesity,  Overweight,  Schools
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