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Pre-angioplasty instantaneous wave-free ratio pullback predicts hemodynamic outcome in diffuse coronary artery disease

* Автор, отвечающий за переписку

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Abstract

Background: Serial stenoses or diffuse vessel narrowing hamper pressure wire–guided management of coronary stenoses. Characterization of functional relevance of individual stenoses or narrowed segments constitutes an unmet need in ischemia- driven percutaneous revascularization.

Aim of the Study: To perform hemodynamic mapping of the entire vessel using pullback technique of a pressure guidewire with continuous instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) measurement compared coronary angiography aiming to minimize the procedure, decrease number and length of stents used.

Materials and Methods

This study was conducted on 40 patients presented with diffuse coronary artery disease and undergoing elective PCI. Diagnostic coronary angiography using the routine angiographic projections was done with assessment of non-obstructive coronary lesions by 2D quantitative coronary angiography and iFR pullback measurement.

Results

Percentage of difference between probable sig lesions via pullback technique and No of actual sig lesions for studied group, was (59.5%). The difference was statistically highly significant p=0.0001.

Conclusion

Compared with angiography alone, availability of iFR pullback data significantly decreased the number and length of hemodynamically significant lesions identified for revascularization.

Imprint

Ahmed Youssef Nammour, Hisham Mohamed Aboul-Enein, Mohammed Hamouda, Ahmed Atef Elhelaly. Pre-angioplasty instantaneous wave-free ratio pullback predicts hemodynamic outcome in diffuse coronary artery disease. Cardiometry; Issue 21; February 2021; p.95-101; DOI: 10.18137/cardiometry.2022.21.95101; Available from: https://www.cardiometry.net/issues/no21-february-2022/pre-angioplasty-instantaneous-wave-free

Ключевые слова

Coronary artery disease,  Instantaneous wave-free ratio,  Physiological lesion assessment,  Stenosis
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